Angularjs UI Router

Angularjs UI router
Angularjs UI Router
What is AngularUI Router?

The UI-Router is a routing framework for AngularJS built by the AngularUI team. It provides a different approach than ngRoute in that it changes your application views based on state of the application and not just the route URL.

States vs URL Route

With this approach, your views and routes aren’t tied down to the site URL. This way, you can change the parts of your site using your routing even if the URL does not change

When using ngRoute, you’d have to use ngInclude or other methods and this could get confusing. Now that all of your states, routing, and views are handled in your one .config(), this would help when using a top-down view of your application.

Setup

Let’s get our application started. We will need a few files:


index.html                          // will hold the main template for our app
- app.js                                // our angular code
- partial-about.html            // about page code
- partial-home.html             // home page code
- partial-home-list.html        // injected into the home page
- table-data.html               // re-usable table that we can place anywhere

With our application structure figured out, let’s fill out some files.


<!-- index.html -->

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>

    <!-- CSS (load bootstrap) -->
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="//netdna.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/3.1.1/css/bootstrap.min.css">
    <style>
        .navbar { border-radius:0; }
    </style>

    <!-- JS (load angular, ui-router, and our custom js file) -->
    <script src="http://code.angularjs.org/1.2.13/angular.js"></script>
    <script src="//cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/angular-ui-router/0.2.8/angular-ui-router.min.js"></script>
    <script src="app.js"></script>
</head>

<!-- apply our angular app to our site -->
<body ng-app="routerApp">

<!-- NAVIGATION -->
<nav class="navbar navbar-inverse" role="navigation">
    <div class="navbar-header">
        <a class="navbar-brand" ui-sref="#">AngularUI Router</a>
    </div>
    <ul class="nav navbar-nav">
        <li><a ui-sref="home">Home</a></li>
        <li><a ui-sref="about">About</a></li>
    </ul>
</nav>

<!-- MAIN CONTENT -->
<div class="container">

    <!-- THIS IS WHERE WE WILL INJECT OUR CONTENT ============================== -->
    <div ui-view></div>

</div>

</body>
</html>

There’s our HTML file. We will use Bootstrap to help with our styling. Notice that we also load up ui-router in addition to loading Angular. UI Router is separate from the Angular core, just like ngRoute is separate.

When creating a link with UI-Router, you will use ui-sref. The href will be generated from this and you want this to point to a certain state of your application. These are created in your app.js.

We also use <div ui-view></div> instead of ngRoute’s <div ng-view></div>.

Let’s start up our Angular application now in app.js.


// app.js
var routerApp = angular.module('routerApp', ['ui.router']);

routerApp.config(function($stateProvider, $urlRouterProvider) {
 
    $urlRouterProvider.otherwise('/home');
 
    $stateProvider
     
        // HOME STATES AND NESTED VIEWS ========================================
        .state('home', {
            url: '/home',
            templateUrl: 'partial-home.html'
        })
     
        // ABOUT PAGE AND MULTIPLE NAMED VIEWS =================================
        .state('about', {
            // we'll get to this in a bit    
        });
     
});

Now we have created the routerApp that we already applied to our body in the index.html file.

Here we have a .state() for home and for about. In home, we are using the template file partial-home.html.

Let’s fill out our partial-home.html page so we can actually see information.

<!-- partial-home.html -->


<div class="jumbotron text-center">
    <h1>The Homey Page</h1>
    <p>This page demonstrates <span class="text-danger">nested</span> views.</p>  
</div>


Angularjs UI Router Dev2Tricks 5 of 5
Angularjs UI Router What is AngularUI Router? The UI-Router is a routing framework for AngularJS built by the AngularUI team. It prov...

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